Main Investigators

Dr. Mathijs van de Sande
Dr. Gaard Kets
Dr. Laura Roth

Scientific Advisors

Prof. dr. Evert van der Zweerde
Prof. dr. Carolien van Ham
Dr. Ramón Feenstra


Democratic Laboratory
Centre for Sustainable Democracy


This research project is funded by Funding Initiative Democracy of the Gerda Henkel Foundation. The subsection on the topic of Democracy as a Utopia, Experience and Threats focuses on the history of confrontation concerning the basic principles of social order, whereby there is a clash of demands for enhanced participation, for greater scope for self-organization, for more justice, or for the dismantling of hierarchies on the one hand, and on the other the value systems of those who consider the relevant status quo worthy of preservation or who see entirely different objectives of fairness, freedom and hierarchization as worth fighting for. Find out more about this Funding Initiative here.